AMERICAN RESEARCHER: "PERHAPS THE ANCIENT MESOPOTAMIAN BOARD GAMES SPREAD TO THE TERRITORY OF ANCIENT AZERBAIJAN"
The scientific presentation "Board games of Ancient Mesopotamia in Azerbaijan?" was made at the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of ANAS, by employee of the US Arizona State University and the American Museum of Natural History dr.Walter Crist.
Director of the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of ANAS, Professor Maisa Ragimova informed the participants about the activities of the American researcher. The American scientist has put forward a number of opinions about the similarity between of some rock paintings on the territory of the Absheron Peninsula, including in the monuments of Gobustan, with board games in the Middle East, as well as the social context of these ancient games in Azerbaijan and the emergence of games in Azerbaijan as a result of the cultural impact of Mesopotamia.
Dr. W.Crist noted that some images and arranged in a certain order of artificial holes in the Gobustan rocks were characterized in due time by Ishag Jafarzade as table games. He showed a slides demonstrating the similarity between some finds found in Gobustan, Türkan, Dubendi and other places of Absheron peninsula, with board games found in Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, Anatolia, Cyprus and even in the territory of the early Middle Ages of Germany. The American researcher noted that various versions of the game "Hounds and jackals / 58 holes", widespread in the Middle East, found its reflection and on the rocks located near the Çapmalı settlement of belonging to the Bronze Age. This is indicated by the location of artificial holes on the rocks. Dr. W.Crist also told about the types of board games, the presence of patterns in them, informing about the social changes that took place in the ancient society, and directions for further research.
A discussion with the audience followed the presentation and dr. W.Crist answered the questions.
In conclusion, the deputy of director of İnstitute by science, dr. Najaf Museibli drew attention to the fact that found similar finds and images were revealed not only in the South Caucasus, but also on the rock monuments of Eurasia (Mongolia, Altai Mountains, etc.) of the Bronze Age, as well as in the form patterns on ceramic products.
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