Within the framework of the project "Scientific and archaeological excavations and summer school in Keshikchidag" implemented with the support of the State Service for the Protection, Development and Restoration of Cultural Heritage under the Ministry of Culture of Azerbaijan, two kurgans (burial mounds) with a stone cover were investigated in the Saryyokhush gorge on the territory of the State Historical and Cultural Reserve "Keshikchidag ". The head of the department for public relations, PhD of history, archaeologist Parviz Gasymov was seconded by the Institute of Archeology and Ethnography of ANAS to carry out excavations of mounds 1 and 2 of the Saryyokhush gorge.
Numerous objects related to the Khojaly-Gadabay culture of the Late Bronze-Early Iron Age, mainly burial samples, were discovered in the kurgans.
“Both mounds turned out to be rich in artifacts. In the course of preliminary research in the burial chamber of kurgan No. 1, five black polished jugs without handles with patterns, a bronze sword, arrowheads made of obsidian and silicon, bronze clothing accessories belonging to the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age and characteristic of Khojaly-Gadabay archaeological culture, as well as the remains of sacrificial animals was founded. In kurgan 2, covered by symmetrically located rock slabs, at a depth of 2.6 meters, we stumbled upon a burial chamber about 6 meters long and 2 meters wide, consisting of two compartments, divided by a log. In one compartment, inhumation was implemented, and in the other, an altar with 13 ceramics and the remains of sacrificial animals was arranged, ” - the scientist said.
However, the head of the expedition called the most valuable artifact the cylindrical seal lying on the neck of the skeleton among the beads. As doc. Gasymov said, the presence of the seal indicates the high status of the buried person.
According to the scientist, various administrative documents were approved with this special seal, brought from Western Asia. Also, the discovery of such a cylindrical seal testifies to the existence in the territory of Northern Azerbaijan of a class society and state formations corresponding to their time, even at the end of the II - beginning of the I millennium BC, he said.
“Such a seal is characteristic of the Mitanni empire that existed in Syria in the 15th-13th centuries BC ... And foreign scientists studying them always wrote that it would be good to find such one together with organic finds in order to carry out radiocarbon analysis and determine its exact age, ” - the archaeologist explained.
“It is good luck that such a seal was found in the Azerbaijan Agstafa with human remains. I am sure that after the introduction of the artifact into scientific circulation, it will arouse great interest abroad, ” - concluded doc. Parviz Gasymov.
Of particular interest is not only the structure of the kurgans and grave goods. It has been established that a representative of the elite of the ancient population, buried in kurgan No. 1, was killed by an arrow. So, during the study of the remains of the buried, a bronze arrowhead was found in the pterygoid tuberosity (tuberositas pterygoidea) on the right side of the jaw.
Also, during archaeological exploration on the border of the Sary-yokhush and Karvan gorges in the area called "Jeyranchukhur", 3 more kurgans with a stone and 1 kurgan with a ground cover were discovered.
The head of the department for the protection of cultural heritage of the Civil Service Ruslan Enverli and other employees got acquainted with the progress of the project.
Director of the Keshikchidag reserve Musa Mursaguliyev, informing about the project, noted that archaeological work on the territory was carried out from December last year to February 2021.
P.S. Based on media materials